Kingdom of God ~ Bible Study Questions

Messages From The Messiah

Kingdom of God Study 1: God’s People in God’s Place under God’s Rule

Read Genesis 2:8-25

1. In what kind of place did Adam and Eve live?

2. What was their purpose and what rules were they given to govern their actions?

Read Genesis 12:1-3

3. What was Abram (later called Abraham) commanded to do?

4. What promises did God make to Abram?

Read Deuteronomy 12:1-11

5. What did God command His people to do when they entered the Promised Land?

6. What promises did God make to the people of Israel through Moses? (see verses 7 and 10)

Read 2 Samuel 7:1-16

7. What promises did God make to David?

8. What picture of the “Kingdom of God” emerges in the Old Testament?

Kingdom of God Study 2: An Everlasting Kingdom

Read Psalm 145

1. What sort of King is the Lord?

2. What relationship does He have with His people?

Read Daniel 2:24-35 and 44

3. What was Nebuchadnezzar’s dream?

4. How is the final kingdom described?

5. In what ways is it different from the previous ones?

Read Daniel 7:13 and 14

6. What is given to the “one like the son of man” by the “Ancient of Days”?

7. Daniel lived in exile in a foreign kingdom, yet recognised God’s rule in his life. How is Daniel’s situation similar to ours?

Kingdom of God Study 3: Entering the Kingdom

Read Matthew 3:1-12

1. John the Baptist came to prepare the way for the Lord and to warn that the Kingdom of Heaven was near. What does he call the people to do?

2. John claims that the Lord has come to separate the wheat from the chaff, a parable of Judgement. According to John, who will escape the fire and be gathered into the barn? What does this mean?

Read Matthew 4: 17-25

3. What good news of the Kingdom does Jesus preach? How is it manifest in Him?

Read Luke 18:18-30

4. What does it mean to enter the Kingdom of God?

5. Why is it so hard for the rich man?

Read Luke 19:1-10

6. How was Zacchaeus different from the Rich Young Ruler?

7. For what purpose did the Son of Man come?

8. What obstacles can prevent people entering the Kingdom of God?

Kingdom of God Study 4: Living in the Kingdom

Read Colossians 1:1-14

1. Where is the Colossians hope? (v5) What do they hope for and on what is it based?

2. Verses 12-14 seem to indicate that the Colossians already enjoy their inheritance – the Kingdom of God. How is God’s rule evident in their lives?

Read Romans 14:15-18

3. What characterises life in the Kingdom of God?

Read 1 Corinthians 6:9-11

4. What behaviours are not acceptable within the Kingdom of God?

5. What kind of people live in the Kingdom? (v11)

Read 2 Peter 1:1-11

6. How is it possible for God’s people to imitate His divine qualities?

7. How does this differ from “earning” salvation through good works?

8. Which godly attributes could we add to our faith to make us more productive and effective in our ministry?

Kingdom of God Study 5: Your Kingdom Come

Read 1 Corinthians 15:50-58

1. How can mortal man inherit an eternal kingdom?

2. What hope does this give?

Read Revelation 1:1-18

3. How does John’s description of Jesus compare with Daniel’s vision in study 2? (Daniel 7:13 and 14)

4. What images of Heaven do we glimpse from these verses?

5. What assurance is John given?

Read Revelation 22:12-21

6. How does Jesus’ second coming fulfil the prophecies about the Kingdom of God? What is the significance of the Tree of Life and Jesus being the offspring of David?

7. What do we mean when we pray, “Your Kingdom Come?” (The Lord’s Prayer Matthew 6:7-15)

Forgiveness ~ Bible Study Questions

Messages From The Messiah

Forgiveness Study 1: God’s Promise of Forgiveness to His People Israel

Read 1 Kings 8:22-61

1. What was God’s purpose in appointing a King to rule Israel and in having a temple built for worship? (v22-30)

2. What consequences does Solomon predict will result from the sins of God’s people? (v33-40)

3. In Solomon’s prayer of dedication, what does he understand God’s purpose to be in allowing His people to suffer?

4. On what basis can they ask for God’s forgiveness and how will they know when God has forgiven them?

5. What does God expect of His people after they have been forgiven?

6. In verses 41-43 and 60, what will be another consequence of God’s discipline and forgiveness?

Read Psalm 103

7. For which of God’s qualities does David praise God?

8. The Israelites knew they had been forgiven by a favourable change in their circumstances. How do you know when you have been forgiven?

Forgiveness Study 2: Jesus Teaches about Forgiveness

Read Matthew 18:21-35

1. What question does Jesus’ parable of the unforgiving servant address?

2. What did the first servant owe and how was it to be repaid?

3. Why was his debt cancelled?

4. What response did his master expect?

5. What lesson about forgiveness is Jesus teaching in this parable?

Read Luke 7:36-50

6. How do Simon the Pharisee and “the sinful woman” each respond to the presence of Jesus?

7. What do their actions tell Jesus about their hearts?

8. How does being forgiven change us?

Forgiveness Study 3: Spreading the Messiah’s Message of Forgiveness

Read Acts 2:36-47

1. What does Peter encourage the people to do?

2. What changes in behaviour were evident when people responded to forgiveness?

3. What changes of heart?

4. How else were the forgiven people blessed?

Read Colossians 3:1-17

5. In verse 13 Paul tells the Colossians to forgive one another. Why?

6. How else are the Colossians encouraged to conform themselves to God’s image?

7. What attitudes and behaviours towards God and one another will bring God’s people blessing and peace? How will this draw others to Christ?

Atonement ~ Bible Study Questions

Messages From The Messiah

Atonement Study 1: Sinful People Approaching a Holy God

Read Genesis 2:16-17 and Deuteronomy 30:15-18

1. What is the penalty for disobeying God’s commandments?

Read Genesis 22:1-19

2. What substitute sacrifice was found for Isaac? Who provided the substitute?

Read Exodus 12:12-13 and 21-30 and Leviticus 17:10-12

3. When the Israelites escaped from Egypt, what was killed in the place of their first born sons? What did God require of the Israelites?

4. What was the significance of the blood?

Read Leviticus 9:1-7 and 9:22-10:4

5. Why was Aaron’s sacrifice for the atonement of Israel’s sin acceptable, but his sons’ actions were not?

Read Leviticus 16:1-2

6. Why was Aaron, God’s appointed High Priest, not able to approach God whenever he chose?

Read Leviticus 16:6-10 and 20-22

7. How did the two goats represent the removal of Israel’s sins?

8. What do these graphic passages from the Old Testament teach us about God’s holiness and the seriousness of human sin?

9. What false ideas do people have about God? Why is a true understanding of His holiness important?

Atonement Study 2: The Servant, the Lamb of God and the New Covenant

Read Isaiah 51:21-22

1. What does God promise to remove from His people?

Read Isaiah 52:13-53:13

2. How has God’s “righteous servant” suffered? Why was it necessary?

3. In Isaiah 53:12 the suffering servant is assigned many roles in the act of sacrifice. What significant roles are given to the servant?

Read Jeremiah 31:31-34

4. How will God’s new covenant differ from the old one?

Read John 1:29; Luke 22:39-44; 1 Corinthians 5:7 and Revelation 5:6-14

5. What does it mean for Jesus to be the “Lamb of God”? How does it define His mission, and how does the “cup” of God’s wrath fit in?

Read Mark 14:22-25 and 1 Corinthians 11:23-26

6. How did Jesus use the symbolism in the Passover meal to explain His death and God’s new covenant?

7. Why might Jesus’ sacrificial death on the cross be offensive to some people?

Atonement Study 3: A Righteousness from God found in Christ

Read Hebrews 9:11-10:18

1. Why was the sacrificial system insufficient to bring forgiveness for sins?

2. How was Jesus’ sacrifice different from the sacrifices of animals by earthly priests?

3. What did it achieve? (see especially 9:12-15 and 26-28 and 10:10 and 14-18)

Read Romans 3:21-26

4. Why was Jesus’ sacrifice necessary?

5. How can God’s people receive righteousness from God?

Read Romans 8:1-11

6. How did God destroy the causal link between sin and death? What is the result for those in Christ?

7. How does Paul use the image of the believer being “in Christ” to help explain resurrection to eternal life and guidance by the Holy Spirit?

8. What characterises a life lived “in Christ”?

The Woman of Samaria ~ Bible Study Questions

People Of the New Testament

The Woman of Samaria Study 1: An Unexpected Encounter with the Messiah

Read John 4:1-26

1. Why is the woman surprised when Jesus asks her for a drink?

2. What does Jesus offer her? What does He mean?

3. What is her situation? How does she react to Jesus’ knowledge of her?

4. How does Jesus settle the question of where to worship? How will the divide between Jew and Samaritan change in the Kingdom of God?

5. Jesus says, “The time has now come” to worship in spirit and truth. How does Jesus enable the people of God to worship in Spirit and Truth?

6. What hope does this woman of Samaria share with the Jews who worship in

7. What amazing claims does Jesus make? (v12-15 and v25-26)

8. What can we learn from Jesus’ interaction with this woman?

The Woman of Samaria Study 2: The Work of the Messiah

Read John 4:27-42

1. What does the reaction of the disciples reveal about them?

2. The woman had come in the heat of the day to draw water, a time when she could have expected to be alone. Why might this have been the case?

3. Why then did she immediately seek out people from the town?

4. In His parable about the harvest, what does Jesus teach the disciples about the gospel?

5. What convinced the Samaritans that Jesus was “The Saviour of the World”?

6. In what way are the people of Samaria “ripe for harvest?” How do they differ from many of Jesus’ Jewish hearers?

7. Who do you know that might be “ripe for harvest”? Where can you help to sow?

Simeon and Anna ~ Bible Study Questions

People Of the New Testament

Simeon and Anna: New Testament Prophets of the Messiah

Read Luke 2:21-38

1. Why were Mary and Joseph in the temple?

2. Why were Simeon and Anna in the temple?

Read Isaiah 40:1-5

3. What sort of expectations might people like Simeon and Anna have had about the “consolation” (v25) and “redemption”(v38) of Israel?

4. How did Simeon recognise that Jesus was the Christ?

5. What was Simeon’s prophesy about Jesus’ life? Who else was involved?

6. How did Anna spend her life before she met Jesus?

7. How did she spend it afterwards?

8. What difference has meeting Jesus made to your life?

Ruth ~ Bible Study Questions

Ruth Study 1

Read Ruth Chapter 1

1. Who was Ruth, and how did she end up in Bethlehem?

2. What motivated Ruth to stay with Naomi rather than return to Moab?

Read 1 Kings 11:7 and 2 Kings 3:26-27

3. What kind of gods did the Moabites worship?

Read Ruth Chapter 2

4. What do we learn about Boaz?

5. What was it about Ruth’s character and actions that impressed Boaz?

6. How did God look after Ruth and Naomi?

7. How does God provide for us today?

Ruth Study 2

Read Ruth 3

1. How did Naomi plan to help Ruth?

2. What bold move did Ruth make? Why?

3. How did Boaz respond to Ruth’s actions?

4. What stopped Boaz from proposing marriage to Ruth immediately? What did he promise?

5. Why did the first kinsman decide not to redeem Naomi and Ruth’s land?

6. When Boaz declared he would marry Ruth, what was the reaction of the townspeople?

Read Ruth 4:9-17

7. Naomi adopts Ruth’s first son Obed as her own. He becomes her kinsman redeemer (verses 14-16) and inherits his grandfather’s portion. In just a couple of generations, the prophesies of the people of Bethlehem come true. For what are Boaz, Ruth and Obed now “famous”? (See Matthew 1:5)

Read Galatians 4:4-5 and 1 Peter 1:18-19

8. Who is our kinsman-redeemer? What sacrifice did he make to redeem us?

Rahab ~ Bible Study Questions

Rahab Study 1

Read Numbers 33:50-53, Deuteronomy 18:9-14 and 20:17-18

1. Why were the people of Jericho the enemies of God’s people?

Read Joshua 2:1-14

2. Why would the spies have chosen Rahab’s house as a base in Jericho?

3. What does Rahab do to protect the spies?

4. What does she ask in return?

5. What had Rahab heard about their God?

6. What characterised Rahab’s faith at this time? Read Psalm 111:10a

7. How was Rahab’s fear of God different from that of the other people in Jericho?

Rahab Study 2

Read Joshua 2:5-24

1. What was the purpose of the scarlet cord?

Read Exodus 12:21-23 and Revelation 5:9

2. Of what was the scarlet cord a fitting symbol? Why was it able to save Rahab and her family?

3. What was the fate of Jericho? Why was everything destroyed?

Read Joshua 6:25

4. How was Rahab’s faith rewarded?

Read Matthew 1:1 and 5, Hebrews 11:31 and James 2:25-26

5. How was Rahab remembered in the New Testament?

Read Ephesians 2:11-22

6. In what ways was Rahab’s experience of salvation similar to ours? From what were we saved and what marks us as belonging to God?

Judah and Tamar ~ Bible Study Questions

Judah and Tamar – Study One

Read Genesis 37:12-36

1. What was Judah’s involvement in his brother, Joseph’s, disappearance?

Read Genesis 38: 1-11

2. Why might Judah have moved away from his family and married a Canaanite?

3. What was the custom regarding a man who died without an heir? (see Deuteronomy 25:5-6)

4. Why did Tamar’s husbands Er and Onan die?

5. What was Judah’s responsibility to Tamar and to his own family?

6. What was Tamar’s impossible position at the end of verse 11? Can she remarry?

7. List Judah’s sins. Who has been hurt by them?

Read Hebrews 3:12-14.

8. Why is sin so detestable to God?

Judah and Tamar – Study Two

Read Genesis 38:12-30

1. What prompted Tamar to take action in v12-14? What did she do?

2. How did Judah react to the news of Tamar’s pregnancy?

3. What was Judah’s confession when the truth was revealed?

4. Tamar tricked Judah into making her the mother of his heirs. How were Tamar’s actions “righteous”?

Read Genesis 44:30-34

5. Judah begged for Benjamin’s life before the man he did not recognise as his brother Joseph. How has Judah changed? Who was he concerned for now?

Read Genesis 49: 8-12

6. How was Judah blessed by his father, Jacob?

Read Matthew 1:1-3

7. How were Tamar and Judah remembered in the New Testament? How did this fulfil Jacob’s blessing?

Read Proverbs 28:13

8. What can we learn from Tamar and Judah?

Hannah ~ Bible Study Questions

Hannah – Study One

Read 1 Samuel 1:1-20

1. What kind of marriage did Hannah and Penninah have with Elkanah?

2. The times of worship and sacrifice in Shiloh would also have been opportunities for festival and feasting. Why, then, was Hannah weeping and refusing to eat?

3. What vow did Hannah make in verse 11? Why?

4. How did Eli, the High Priest, react when he witnessed Hannah praying in the Temple?

5. What did Hannah’s response to Eli reveal about her character and her relationship with God?

6. How did God bless Hannah?

Read 1 Samuel 1:21-28

7. How did Hannah fulfil her vow to God?

8. What can we learn from Hannah’s example as a mother?

Hannah – Study Two

Read 1 Samuel 2:1-11

1. What did Hannah’s prayer reveal about her understanding of:

a. God’s character

b. God’s power

c. God’s relationship with people

d. God’s relationship with creation

e. God’s judgment

2. How did waiting on God strengthen Hannah’s faith?

Read Luke 1:39-79

3. In verse 10 Hannah made the first reference in the Bible to God’s “Anointed” one who was the Messiah or Christ. What hope did Hannah claim that God’s Anointed would bring to a world where the wicked seem to prevail?

4. How was Mary’s song (sometimes called the “Magnificat”) similar to Hannah’s prayer? What was celebrated in each?

Read 1 Samuel 2:18-21

5. What had Hannah sacrificed? What had she gained?

6. What can we learn from Hannah’s relationship with God?

Deborah ~ Bible Study Questions

Deborah – Study One

Read Judges 4

1. What was Deborah’s role among the Israelites? What were her duties?

2. At the beginning of Judges Chapter 4, when Ehud the last major Judge had died, what was the nature of Israel’s relationship with God?

3. Why did Deborah send for Barak in verse 6? How did he respond to her request?

4. What was Barak’s attitude toward Deborah?

5. Who was Heber the Kenite? What was his relationship with the Israelites and the Canaanites? (verses 11,12 and 17)

6. What was the result of the battle? Who won the victory? (verses 14-24)

Read 1 Timothy 3:1-13

7. How was Deborah a good leader? What qualities do we look for in leaders?

Deborah – Study Two

Read Judges 5

1. How was this chapter different to the previous one? To whom was it written, and what was being celebrated?

2. When the Israelites were called to war, what were their various responses? (verses 13-18)

3. How was Sisera’s army defeated? (verses 19-23)

4. How was Jael, wife of Heber, involved? (verses 24-27)

5. Women play a vital role in this part of Israel’s history. The usual role for women in war time was waiting anxiously at home. In this song, how does Sisera’s mother compare with:

a) Deborah, “Mother of Israel”?

b) Jael, “most blessed of tent-dwelling women”?

6. Who are God’s enemies and what fate was wished upon them by Deborah in her song?

7. What was Deborah’s wish for those who love God?

Read John 15:10 and 1 John 5:1-5

8. What battles do we face today and how can we be victorious?