Atonement ~ Bible Study Questions

Messages From The Messiah

Atonement Study 1: Sinful People Approaching a Holy God

Read Genesis 2:16-17 and Deuteronomy 30:15-18

1. What is the penalty for disobeying God’s commandments?

Read Genesis 22:1-19

2. What substitute sacrifice was found for Isaac? Who provided the substitute?

Read Exodus 12:12-13 and 21-30 and Leviticus 17:10-12

3. When the Israelites escaped from Egypt, what was killed in the place of their first born sons? What did God require of the Israelites?

4. What was the significance of the blood?

Read Leviticus 9:1-7 and 9:22-10:4

5. Why was Aaron’s sacrifice for the atonement of Israel’s sin acceptable, but his sons’ actions were not?

Read Leviticus 16:1-2

6. Why was Aaron, God’s appointed High Priest, not able to approach God whenever he chose?

Read Leviticus 16:6-10 and 20-22

7. How did the two goats represent the removal of Israel’s sins?

8. What do these graphic passages from the Old Testament teach us about God’s holiness and the seriousness of human sin?

9. What false ideas do people have about God? Why is a true understanding of His holiness important?


Atonement Study 2: The Servant, the Lamb of God and the New Covenant

Read Isaiah 51:21-22

1. What does God promise to remove from His people?

Read Isaiah 52:13-53:13

2. How has God’s “righteous servant” suffered? Why was it necessary?

3. In Isaiah 53:12 the suffering servant is assigned many roles in the act of sacrifice. What significant roles are given to the servant?

Read Jeremiah 31:31-34

4. How will God’s new covenant differ from the old one?

Read John 1:29; Luke 22:39-44; 1 Corinthians 5:7 and Revelation 5:6-14

5. What does it mean for Jesus to be the “Lamb of God”? How does it define His mission, and how does the “cup” of God’s wrath fit in?

Read Mark 14:22-25 and 1 Corinthians 11:23-26

6. How did Jesus use the symbolism in the Passover meal to explain His death and God’s new covenant?

7. Why might Jesus’ sacrificial death on the cross be offensive to some people?


Atonement Study 3: A Righteousness from God found in Christ

Read Hebrews 9:11-10:18

1. Why was the sacrificial system insufficient to bring forgiveness for sins?

2. How was Jesus’ sacrifice different from the sacrifices of animals by earthly priests?

3. What did it achieve? (see especially 9:12-15 and 26-28 and 10:10 and 14-18)

Read Romans 3:21-26

4. Why was Jesus’ sacrifice necessary?

5. How can God’s people receive righteousness from God?

Read Romans 8:1-11

6. How did God destroy the causal link between sin and death? What is the result for those in Christ?

7. How does Paul use the image of the believer being “in Christ” to help explain resurrection to eternal life and guidance by the Holy Spirit?

8. What characterises a life lived “in Christ”?